Welcome to the Toolkit

The Quality Family Planning Recommendations (QFP), developed collaboratively by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Office of Population Affairs (OPA), outlines how to provide quality family planning services, which include contraceptive services, pregnancy testing and counseling, helping clients achieve pregnancy, basic infertility services, preconception health services, and sexually transmitted disease (STD) services.

This toolkit offers suggested action steps, training, and tools to support staff at Title X-funded agencies to implement the QFP recommendations. Explore the QFP Training Topics for additional training and resources related to these recommendations.

 

Illustration of a couple meeting with a doctor in an office.

The resources in this toolkit can be used in any order, depending on needs and priorities. The trainings and materials are organized in the following categories, aligned with QFP:

  • Introduction to the QFP
  • Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology
  • Determining the Client’s Need for Services and Discussing Reproductive Goals
  • Pregnancy Testing and Counseling
  • Contraceptive Counseling and Education
  • Support for Achieving a Healthy Pregnancy
  • STD Services

 

The goal of the QFP is to support agencies in offering family planning services that will help clients achieve their desired number and spacing of children and increase the likelihood that those children are born healthy. The QFP also provides guidance about how to support the health of clients who choose not to have children.

Action Steps Supportive Resources

Become familiar with QFP Recommendations and principles of quality family planning counseling and education.

 

Introduction to the Quality Family Planning Recommendations eLearning

To apply QFP recommendations, family planning staff that provide counseling should have a basic understanding of reproductive anatomy and physiology.

Action Steps Supportive Resources

Understand basic reproductive anatomy and physiology in order to provide accurate counseling.

 

Introduction to Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology eLearning

Family planning clients may need a range of services, in addition to their stated reasons for a visit. Providers should assess whether clients seeking to prevent or achieve pregnancy need other related services. When clients visit a provider for a reason not related to preventing or achieving pregnancy, the need for family planning services should also be assessed. Discussing reproductive goals with all clients can help providers to identify the need for family planning services and guide the provision of care.

Action Steps Supportive Resources

Assess and address the client’s primary reason for the visit first.

Determining Your Client’s Need for Services and Discussing Reproductive Goals eLearning

Engage the client in a discussion of reproductive goals to identify unmet needs related to preventing or achieving pregnancy.

Client-Centered Reproductive Goals & Counseling Flow Chart

If the client’s primary reason for the visit is not related to preventing or achieving pregnancy, assess the need for family planning, preconception health, STD and other related services based on the client’s age and gender. Provide these services as appropriate.

Clinical Pathway for Family Planning Services Chart

If the client’s primary reason for the visit is related to preventing or achieving pregnancy, assess the need for other related health services. Provide these services or refer the client as appropriate.

 

Family Planning and Related Preventive Health Services Checklists for Women and Men

Pregnancy testing is a common reason for clients to visit family planning service providers. Family planning providers should offer pregnancy testing and counseling in accordance with Title X regulations as well as recommendations of professional medical associations.

Action Steps Supportive Resources

In response to a positive pregnancy test, provide a referral to prenatal care. Per the 2019 Title X Regulations, non-directive pregnancy options counseling is permitted but not required. Referral for abortion as a method of family planning is prohibited. However, referral for abortion is permitted in cases of medical emergency, rape, or incest.

Pregnancy Testing and Counseling eLearning

Exploring All Options: Pregnancy Counseling Without Bias Video

Adoption as an Option in Family Planning Settings Webinar

In response to a negative pregnancy test, explore the client’s reproductive goals and unmet needs related to preventing or achieving pregnancy, as well as need for STD services.

 

Family planning services include providing contraception to clients who want to prevent pregnancy or space births. If the client wants to prevent pregnancy, the provider should counsel according to the QFP recommendations as well as the CDC’s U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use and US Medical Eligibility Criteria (US MEC).

Action Steps Supportive Resources

Provide client-centered contraceptive counseling using a shared-decision making approach. Using this approach, the provider supports the client to make their health care decisions, taking into account the best scientific evidence as well as the client’s values and preferences.

Contraceptive Counseling and Education eLearning

Use open-ended questions to explore the client’s preferences related to their contraceptive method.

Efficient Questions for Client-Centered Contraceptive Counseling Palm Card

Provide factual information about birth control methods based on the client’s stated preferences.

 

Birth Control Methods Options Chart

Clients who are not pregnant but are trying to be should be offered services to help achieve pregnancy or basic infertility services, as appropriate. Family planning providers should offer preconception health services to all clients to improve pregnancy and birth outcomes as well as the client’s overall health.

Action Steps Supportive Resources

Counsel the client about ways to maximize natural fertility in order to achieve pregnancy.

Support for Achieving a Healthy Pregnancy eLearning

Assess the client’s need for basic infertility services and develop a plan of care as needed.

Basic Infertility Protocol Job Aid

Assess the client’s interest in discussing preconception health. Provide preconception counseling to help the client be prepared for a healthy pregnancy.

 

Preconception Counseling Checklist

Family planning services include providing STD testing and treatment to prevent tubal infertility and improve the overall health of clients.

Action Steps Supportive Resources

Provide client-centered STD screening, prevention education and counseling, and treatment in accordance with CDC’s STD Treatment Guidelines.

Sexually Transmitted Disease Services eLearning